Scientific editing: The right way to avoid plagiarism while drafting the manuscript
When it comes to drafting academic manuscript, research papers, or thesis everyone uses different types of sources to acquire information. It helps authors gather information and use it as research support evidence. The primary and secondary sources of information help authors continue their research and publish it in a journal. For both new researchers and published authors, it is necessary that they are familiar with the term “Plagiarism.” It is an act of copying or using someone else’s work without giving them due credit. Plagiarism is giving incorrect or false information or using someone else’s content without their permission.
An example to understand the concept better
An author drafting a research paper on the topic “Studying the effects of Virus and Bacteria in causing Alzheimer’s in people above the age of 60” would need to conduct a review of the literature. Using different mediums and sources related to the field of study, gathering evidence, and acquiring in-depth knowledge are all part of the research effort.
However, in case the author publishes an academic paper without providing an accurate citation or credit, then it is certainly plagiarism. If the author has used a quote without mentioning the name of the person or copied the entire passage or written material, then it is also considered as plagiarism.
What should an author do to avoid plagiarism?
- Work on the content first: The author can start by writing down the ideas they have come up with for the research. By creating an outline structure, they will be able to keep track of all the information available. Creating a list of the sources used to gather the information can be time saving to manage and curate the content in a systematic way.
- Doing citation: Citing sources is done right after selecting the source material. To make the process easy, authors can create a separate Bibliography page.
- Checking the content: The content should be proofread and edited. Authors should always write in paragraphs and format the entire manuscript according to the guidelines provided by the journal.
- Giving credits: While using information from another source, the authors must mention the name of the source or researcher with the reference link. The name of the person should be added after every quotation.
- Use online tools: Currently, there are many different types of writing tools available at a cost-effective price. Authors can access the free trial version to check their content for plagiarism. This way they can identify the parts that are plagiarized and make their manuscript free of plagiarism.
- Adding structure and insight: While using content from a source, the authors should know how to paraphrase the sentence or paragraph. The author’s opinion and point of view need to be incorporated during paraphrasing. It can only be done if they have a good understanding of the topic.
- Listing the references: After the writing part is complete, a list of references should be included, preferably in alphabetical order.
- Paraphrasing: Paraphrasing allows the author to present the information using their own creativity and writing style. It is about what do the authors understand after reading source material and how do they present it in their voice and language. If the author has copied more than two words from the sentence, then the content becomes plagiarized.