Why peer review is important in the journal publishing industry?

The peer-review process starts right after authors submit their research papers to journal publishers. In this process, the author’s work is assessed and reviewed for language quality, originality, scope of research, and formatting. It is an integral part of the publishing cycle that helps the editorial board to identify which article meets their quality standards and which needs to be improved.

Why peer review is a requisite in the journal publishing industry?

Journal publishing companies receive hundreds of manuscripts every day, and for publishing the manuscripts they must be of high quality and informative. Advantages of the peer-review process are:

Promoting excellence: The peer-review process helps in the dissemination of quality research done by scholars and academicians. The paper is reviewed for its quality of writing and the type of research done.

Better quality: A high-end research paper can have a scope of improvement in terms of language quality and clarity. The peer-review process provides an opportunity to the authors to make their paper more comprehensible.

Decision making: Assessing manuscripts and filtering good content become much easier for the editorial board. Peer reviewers use an objective approach to assess the manuscript and provide feedback to authors.

Peer reviewers should address the following questions:

  1. What is the objective of the research paper? Has the author achieved it successfully? If yes, then how did they achieve it?
  2. What is the first impression of the peer reviewer? Is this research going to benefit the research community or solve a problem?
  3. Does the abstract state the aim and scope of the paper?
  4. Is the research question strong? Is the research problem stated?
  5. Is the research topic original?
  6. Is the research paper well written? If not, which section of the manuscript needs improvement?
  7. How strong is the research argument?
  8. Does the evidence support the author’s arguments?

What is the role of a peer reviewer in the publishing process?

The role of a peer reviewer is to assess the quality of a research paper and provide feedback to the authors. The authors can implement the suggested changes and enhance the quality of the paper. The reviewer tries to find the answer to questions such as how impactful the research is and how it could benefit the research community before writing the report. A reviewer performs the following tasks:

  • Verifies the citations
  • Checks the paper for plagiarism
  • Checks the accuracy of result and conclusion
  • Understands the implications of the research
  • Provides a detailed feedback report
  • Examines the appropriateness of methodology

What is the format of a peer-review report?

Summary: Read the paper at least twice to develop a basic understanding of the research topic and area. What is your first impression? What are your views? Discuss everything in this section of the report. Summarize the key information, because it will further help the editors to interpret the research findings.

Scope of improvement: Having understood the how and why of the research, you can list out the major and minor issues separately. Listing out the issues and problem areas enables the author to respond to the comments specifically. Whether it is a technical clarification or a missing section, mention each point by highlighting the problem area.

Comments: Share your concern regarding the manuscript with the editors by writing in the comment section. Let the editors know whether or not you are willing to have a second pass at the paper. Are there any ethical guidelines that need to be followed? Does the language quality of the paper require improvement?

Feedback: Prepare a comprehensive feedback report for the author. Provide constructive feedback and guide the authors on how they can improve the paper. Are there any errors that need to be rectified? Is there any missing information? Does the abstract define the aim and scope of the paper?

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