Manuscript submission: How to draft a good research paper?

Authors face great difficulty while drafting a research manuscript because it comprises several components, each one different from the other. One of the first components of a research paper is the cover page that consists of the name and title. The title says a great deal about the research and it also helps to grab the attention of the readers. The second essential component of a manuscript is abstract that provides a summary of the study. A research paper contains an introduction that explains the subject’s background including the review of literature. The editorial board reviews the manuscript by assessing the following components:

  • Abstract
  • Conclusion
  • Purpose
  • Methodology
  • Citations

The language quality and structure of a manuscript have a bearing on the editorial board’s decision on whether or not the research meets the quality standards. Here are a few tips and suggestions to help researchers draft a professional research paper:

  1. Thesis statement: Starting a research paper by writing a strong thesis statement creates a great impact. A thesis statement is a road map that describes what exactly the target audience can expect from the research paper. It talks about the subject, quotations, and statistics.
  2. Manuscript formatting: Authors can browse the journal’s website and find a list of formatting guidelines. Formatting the paper makes it look more professional and presentable. It includes instructions about:
  • Margins
  • Font size
  • Font type
  • Line spacing
  • Order of components
  • Page numbering
  • Chapter name
  1. English Editing: Authors can make use of English editing services to ensure the content of their paper is accurate and logical. It will help them submit a professionally edited manuscript to the publishers. English editing enables authors to present their opinions, ideas, and objectives of research clearly to the target readers.
  2. Create an outline: Create an outline and map out the entire manuscript in a systematic way. The outline usually consists of 4–5 sentences where the author presents a structure for the paper. Then, start working on each section one by one after creating the outline.
  3. Citations: Authors are required to include citations, name of the source, quotations, and in-text citations that are also known as “parenthetical citations.” Citations work as evidence to support the author’s research.
  4. Footnotes and Endnotes: Add endnotes and footnotes in the manuscript. You can also use numbers in the body of the text. It helps the readers to find more information and citation entry present at the end of the research paper.
  5. List of references: You can add a list of references at the end of the manuscript. The list contains the author names and publication details of the source material included in the paper.

Tips for authors to draft and revise their manuscript:

  • Know the target audience of the journal
  • Shortlist the top-rated journals for submission
  • Follow the formatting guidelines provided online
  • Edit and proofread the document before submitting it
  • Know the average word limit of a manuscript
  • Include references and quotations wherever required
  • Find average acceptance rate of the chosen journal
  • Review process followed by the journal publishers
  • Review/accept changes provided by the reviewer

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