7 things every author should know before submitting their manuscript (Part 1)

The goal of every author is to publish their research in a reputed peer-reviewed journal. Choosing the right journal for manuscript submission helps authors gain worldwide recognition and contribute to the research community. Journal publications offer validation to an author’s efforts and hard work. Every author should choose a suitable journal in accordance with the target audience and field of study. A research paper in a top-rated peer-reviewed journal would inevitably receive more citations. Authors who intend getting their manuscript published in high-impact factor journals should consider the following factors:

  1.  Aim and scope: Every journal publishes unique and engaging content. The scope of a journal defines the objective and purpose of publishing the research. Knowing the goal and mission of a journal can help authors choose the right journal. The author’s research objectives should align with the aim and scope of the journal. Checklist for selecting the target journal:
  • Periodicity of the journal publication
  • Circulation size
  • Review process
  • Type of research/articles/reports published
  • Selection criteria
  • Relevance of research
  • Turnaround time
  • Target audience
  1. Components of a manuscript: Authors must ensure their manuscript’s word count is within the word limit mentioned in the submission guidelines. Manuscript components such as word count, abstract, introduction, and body of the content should be prepared according to the instructions mentioned by the journal publishers. Various components of a manuscript are:
  • Title: It describes the main topic of research.
  • Introduction: It provides an idea about the research background and hypothesis.
  • Abstract: It is a summary of the research that explains the aims, main findings, and results.
  • Methodology: It provides information about the tools, equipment, and methods, including both qualitative and quantitative, used for the research.
  • Results: It represents the findings and data derived from the research.
  1. Placement of components: The authors should make a list of all the components of the research paper. Checking the formatting guidelines will help them place each component in the right order. Proper placement of the components makes the content more presentable and coherent.
  2. Conflict of interest: It represents the problems and restrictions faced by the author during the research. Author’s interests should not affect the quality of research and results. The readers should be able to perceive the outcome based on the outcome. The author must disclose any type of possible conflict that may have occurred during the research process.
  3. Copyright permission: Usually authors quote other researchers to add credibility to their papers. Citations and copyright information should be provided in case the authors have included research done by other authors as references or to support their research.
         Why providing citations is important?
  • Works as a fact-checking tool
  • Helps the author become detail-oriented
  • Helps the author avoid plagiarism
  • Adds more credibility to the research
  1. Manuscript formatting: Every journal offers a list of formatting guidelines to be followed by the authors. Formatting the text makes it more readable and easier to understand. Organizing the information as well as knowing how to present data using tables and figures are all part of formatting.
            Why is manuscript formatting necessary for authors?
  • Provides consistency of ideas
  • Allows the readers to focus on content
  • Gives the manuscript a coherent structure
  • Enables proper presentation of content
  1.  Numbering: Numbering the pages forms part of formatting a research manuscript. Authors should provide accurate numbers starting from the table of contents page. For example, some journal guidelines clearly state that the page numbers should be written in Arabic numerals without including any hyphens or parentheses. Period punctuation marks should not be added after the numbers.

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