Role of journal selection in publishing an academic paper

Journal selection is an important part of the publishing cycle. Every journal follows unique selection criteria based on which journal editors approve or reject articles. Various factors affect the journal selection process such as the type of research article, subject, and theme. Authors should develop a precise understanding of the format and content of articles published in a journal before they start writing the draft. Here is a list of questions to help you understand the journal selection process better:

  • Who is your target audience?
  • Are you writing for the research community or general audience?
  • What is subject area covered by the journal?
  • What is the average acceptance rate?

Factors affecting the process of journal selection:

Conflicts of interest: Mention the circumstances or situation that may have affected your judgment during research. Conflict of interest includes information related to the following:

  • Direct employment
  • Grant or research funding
  • Any pending application
  • Pending patent
  • Financial agreement

Peer-review process: The process helps to evaluate academic and scientific manuscripts submitted to the editors. It helps them decide whether or not an article is the right fit for the journal. Common types of peer review are as follows:

Single-blind: The identity of the peer reviewer is anonymous, but the reviewer knows who the author is. It allows the reviewer to present an unbiased opinion and rate the manuscript without any external influence.

Double-blind: The names, affiliations, and other contact details are removed from the journal article before it is assigned to keep the identity of both the author and reviewer anonymous.

Open review: The identities of both the author and the reviewer are known. The author can communicate with the reviewer and get constructive feedback.

Collaborative review: A common platform is provided to the author and reviewer to discuss the research paper in detail. Once the author submits his or her manuscript, the editor sends it directly to the reviewer. The editor later evaluates the comments and feedback provided by the reviewer.

Research paper structure: A research paper is composed of different sections describing the process of research. It includes the following components:

Introduction: It contains a problem statement that describes the context of research. Focus on the purpose of your research and identify the literature gaps.

Method: Include information about the methods and materials used for the study. Is the research design consistent with the objectives? Use proper symbols and provide relevant data.

Results: Present the data in the form of tables, graphs, and statistics. The data should be related to the methodological descriptions provided in the introduction section.

Conclusion: The conclusion must correlate with the aims and objectives of your study.

Literature review: Provide a summary of the papers published in your subject domain.

Checklist for selecting a suitable journal:

  • Who is the journal’s target audience?
  • What is the rate of acceptance?
  • What is the readership base?
  • Is there any specific requirement?
  • What is the maximum word limit?
  • Do you need to submit a cover letter?
  • What type of peer-review process do the publishers follow?
  • What is the average response time?

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