What are the steps involved in developing a design for research studies? (Part 2)

The research process starts with identifying a problem and providing the context of the problem. If you are working on a research project, you need to select a topic that is in sync with your interest and formulate the main research problem.

Where to begin?

Acquire knowledge of the latest concepts and theories published in your subject area to define the variables and write a hypothesis statement. The type of research design is based on the format and selected sample for obtaining results. The data obtained is later used for analysis and interpretation.

For further explanation, here is a 6-step process of developing a research framework for your next project:

  1. Identify the research problem
  2. Develop a frame of reference
  3. Do an intensive literature review
  4. Select a methodology
  5. Prepare a proposal
  6. Select a strategy for data analysis

Identify the research problem

Focus on the research problem you need to work on. Write a statement that describes the area of concern and requires investigation. It should be in the form of a question and introduce the readers to the relevance and importance of the topic. The readers must be able to understand the significance of the study and hypotheses. Framing a problem statement is the first step to providing a research framework for your article.

Develop a frame of reference

Develop a frame of reference and formulate the key concepts to identify the relevance of the research problem. To provide the research background, you need to learn more about the following:

  • How does the problem affect the scientific community?
  • Is your research idea unique and novel?
  • What are the various aspects of the research variables?

Do an intensive literature review

An intensive literature review will help you understand the problem in detail. You must conduct a thorough research of published material that is related to your topic so that you can identify the literature gaps. Literature review helps the author to establish a link between the past studies and the new studies and data obtained with the help of the experiment.

Select a methodology

 Research methodology will determine the direction of your research work. The methods, tools, and equipment you choose for the experiment will depend on the research design outline. State the goals and objectives of your research clearly. Determine the variables that you will study. The research question, hypotheses, and objectives will help you determine the format of data you need to analyze.

Prepare a proposal

Prepare a research proposal to describe the main ideas and motives behind your study. It should create an outline of the theoretical resources, framework, research methods, background information, literature of review, and summary. You can also include information about the sample population and choose a method for sample selection.

Select a strategy for data analysis

Choose an appropriate strategy for analysis by interpreting the data. Develop data collection tools based on the available evidence. As the process of data collection is time-consuming, you should know how to balance between data adequacy and data collection process. Revise the research techniques and make the changes required to the research instruments.

Hire expert academic editors to submit a plagiarism-free and formally drafted research proposal.

The above-mentioned points will help you create a workable design for your research and complete the experiment on time.

Working on a research paper? Share your experiences in the comment section below.

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